In 2002, during the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) General Conference, the resolution GC(46)/RES/11.B was adopted to highlight the importance of the nuclear knowledge management.
This resolution was supported in the following years (1) and, as a result, the IAEA started to implement the Subprogramme C.3: Nuclear Knowledge Management. Among its activities, this initiative considers the assistance to the Member States in establishing and strengthening associations, educational institutions and universities, to prepare the next generation of scientists and nuclear engineers.
In 2009, within this framework, in order to further the establishment of nuclear training and education for Latin America and the Caribbean, the IAEA’s Nuclear Knowledge Management Section organized a consultancy meeting which was held in San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina (2). In this meeting, the possible modalities and mechanisms to establish LANENT were dealt with. Moreover, in this meeting, which was key to the establishment of LANENT, the first draft of its Terms of Reference was written. In said document, the following needs were expressed: the need to integrate nuclear education and training resources in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as to foster outreach activities devoted to promote knowledge among the public, in general, and among potential students, in particular, about the benefits of nuclear energy.
This network was formally set up on December 8, 2010 in the First Meeting of LANENT General Assembly. In said meeting, held in Lima, the Republic of Peru, the President, Vice President, and members of the Coordinating Committee were elected and the different working groups were formed.
LANENT, along with AFRA-NEST (AFRA-Network for Education of Nuclear Science and Technology) and ANENT (Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology), conforms one of the regional networks started and supported by the IAEA with the objective of promoting, developing and preserving nuclear knowledge to ensure the availability of qualified nuclear professionals in the future.